The majority of the abusers were known to the victim (73.0%) and male (98.8%).Neighbors (38.95%), teachers (7.9%) and relatives (13.4%) were the most commonly reported perpetrators.Such adversities during early childhood may have a negative impact on the future lives of the victims.
Both hospitals provide a structured service with Pediatrics Emergency and Intensive Care departments, regular OPD, Inpatient services and all specialty follow up clinic services.The median length of time taken to present to hospital after the abuse incident was 4 days (range = 2 hours to 3 years).Male victims were 2.4 times more likely to have a delay of greater than one week to present to hospital (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR), 2.40; 95% Confidence interval (CI), 1.34-4.31; Presentation for care was often delayed.Male sex was independently associated with a delayed presentation to care.We recommend that further studies are carried out to identify the reasons for delay to reporting and design mechanisms to address them. Based on the International Child Abuse Network (ICAN), child abuse is defined as the bad treatment of a child under the age of 18 by a parent, caretaker, someone living in their home or someone who works with or around children.Newsweek magazine named Ms Eltahawy one of its "150 Fearless Women of 2012", Time magazine featured her along with other activists from around the world as its People of the Year and Arabian Business magazine named her one of the 100 Most Powerful Arab Women. In 2012, the Missouri School of Journalism awarded her its Honor Medal for Distinguished Service in Journalism and the Columbia Journalism Review named her as one of 20 women in the media to watch.In 2010 the Anna Lindh Foundation awarded her its Special Prize for Outstanding Contribution to Journalism and the Estlow International Center for Journalism and New Media at the University of Denver gave her its Anvil of Freedom Award. In 2005, she was named a Muslim Leader of Tomorrow by the American Society for Muslim Advancement and she is a member of the Communications Advisory Group for Musawah, the global movement for justice and equality in the Muslim family.We reviewed records of all cases of child sexual and physical abuse between January 2011 and December 2012.Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to test the presence and strength of association between time to reporting to hospital and, age and sex of the victim, place of residence and relation of the victim to the perpetrator.For proper physical, mental and social development, children need special care and protection.Due to a variety of factors, millions of children around the world are exposed to abuse and neglect which is detrimental to their all-round development .