Today it operates as a preparatory school for students going to college.
The population rose after the conquest and colonial settlement.When the Spanish improved the Mexico-Orizaba-Veracruz route, Xalapa declined in importance as a transport hub, and its population stagnated in the 17th century.Numerous Spanish families from the nearby towns settled in Xalapa, so by 1760 the population had increased to over 1,000 inhabitants, including mestizo and Spanish.This extinct volcano received its name because the Aztecs used it as the fifth reference mountain to get to the gulf of Mexico's shores. During the 14th century, four indigenous peoples settled in the territory today known as Xalapa.Each built a small village: Xalitic (in the sand) was founded by the Totonacas; Techacapan (river of waste) was founded by the Chichimecas; in the northeast Tecuanapan (river of the beasts) was founded by the Toltecas, and Tlalnecapan was founded by the Teochichimecas.The US invaders occupied the city the following day. Grant's letters call Jalapa “decidedly the most beautiful place I ever saw in my life” and its climate “the best in the world.” Xalapeños such as Ambrosio Alcalde and Antonio García fought bravely to defend the city of Veracruz, but were taken prisoner.They were released and paroled, but after rejoining the fighting against the US, they were recaptured near Teocelo, taken to Xalapa, sentenced to death and executed on 24 November 1847. He'd just married Kelly, and it was this whole new era.) is the capital city of the Mexican state of Veracruz and the name of the surrounding municipality.On , shortly before Mexican Independence on 27 September the same year, Xalapa was attacked by the forces of Don Antonio López de Santa Anna.Together with Don Joaquin Leño, he forced Spanish captain Juan Horbregoso to surrender the town.