This may be because they are being given anesthesia and will be unable to breathe on their own during surgery, or they may be too sick or injured to provide enough oxygen to the body without assistance.Prior to intubation the patient is typically sedated or not conscious due to illness or injury, which allows the mouth and airway to relax.While most surgery is very low risk, and intubation is equally low risk, there are some potential issues that can arise particularly when a patient must remain on the ventilator for an extended period of time.The medical team will assess and be aware of these potential risks, and do what they can to address them.
The nasotracheal tube (NT) goes into the nose, down the back of the throat, and into the upper airway.
Successful placement is checked first by listening to the the lungs with a stethoscope and often verified with a chest x-ray.
In the field, such as when 911 is activated and a breathing tube is placed by paramedics, a special device is used that changes color when the tube is placed correctly.
To make it possible to safely take food, medication and fluids by mouth, a tube is inserted into the throat and down into the stomach.
This tube is called an orogastric (OG) when it is inserted into the mouth, or a nasogastric tube (NG) when inserted into the nose and down into the throat.